NZ Honors The Paris Agreement Duly Reporting Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Toxic Substances)
Despite United States withdrawing dramatically from the historic Paris Agreement on climate control, aka global warming that has been adopted and signed by 195 member countries, which includes New Zealand, where each country determines, plans and regularly reports greenhouse gas emissions, the Kiwis duly provides the data and the background, as envisaged by HSNO consultant TCC(NZ) and outlined below.
To begin with, New Zealand’s greenhouse gas emissions (toxic substances) in 2015 were 24.1% higher than 1990 levels, which of course is a far cry from the country’s commitment before the Paris Agreement. To be more practical, gross greenhouse gas emissions for the year were 80.2 million tons of CO2 content, as compared to 64.6 million tons in 1990. Meanwhile, the government had released the Greenhouse Gas Inventory, the certified yearly estimate of human-caused emissions in the land of the Kiwis, while the country is devoted to post it, as part of its commitment under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change or UNFCC, which was used to prepare for the Paris agreement.
Regrettably enough, as observed by Technical Compliance Consultant (NZ), the country’s gross emissions (per person) were found to be the seventh highest among the 41 industrialized nations that made commitments under the UNFCC – even though they went down 0.1% since 2014.
Nevertheless, the 1990-2015 period was used to track how well or worst the country was doing in attaining its 2020 emission—reducing-target, in terms of a 5% reduction from 1990 level, while the government agreed that the country was on track to meet the target through a grouping of carbon credits issued in 1990, as well as credits from Russia, Ukraine and sundry other sources.
Checking the data
- Gross emissions, to be more precise, include carbon dioxide, methane and nitrogen oxide and fluorinated gases from agriculture, energy – including transport and electricity production, waste, and industrial processes – and product use such as refrigeration and air conditioning and carbon dioxide emissions from mineral, chemical and metals production.
- It also comprises land use, land use change and forestry, which can effectively remove emissions because vegetation acts as a carbon sink. In fact, the carbon gets ingratiated within the branches which may be burnt later.
- Agriculture and energy were the two other sectors that contributed the most to New Zealand’s emissions profile, producing around 47.9 % and 40.5% respectively of the pollution in 2015.
- Agricultural emissions between 1990 and 2015, incidentally amplified 16% due to 88.5% increase in the National Dairy Herd size, along with five-fold increase in application of fertilizers that contained Nitrogen.
- Emissions from the energy sector increased 36.7 percent between 1990 and 2015 as a result of increased road use and manufacturing using fossil fuels.
- There was also an increase in emissions from industrial and household refrigeration and air conditioning, while emissions from the waste sector fell substantially.
Following imposition of the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act in New Zealand, the country is committed to keeping all hazardous substances in leash on one hand, while trying to reduce greenhouse gases that are toxic substances in order to remain an active member of the Paris Agreement. However, Technical Compliance Consultant, Auckland based authority on HSNO keeps a close watch on such activities with a view to informing clients so that they too may do the needful in the matter